Hridaya Hatha Yoga Theory
In Hridaya Yoga, we combine the physical asanas of Hatha Yoga the view of Advaita, non-duality. The asanas are performed while holding the inner spiritual attitudes recommended in traditional texts of Tantra and Shaivism, including the Vijnana Bhairava Tantra, Spanda Karika, Shiva Sutras, etc. They point towards an intimate inner knowledge of the physical body, of its bio-energies, and of our Real Nature, the Spiritual Heart. Therefore, a contemplative attitude is essential.
The Hatha Yoga practice should always bring relaxation and happiness, rather than effort or strain.
Even if by itself Hatha Yoga cannot bring the ultimate spiritual realization, it can give us a better “starting point” in the spiritual journey. The role of Hatha Yoga is to create conditions for relaxation and openness in order to realize an inner transfiguration and the spiritual alchemy of the body itself.
A correct practice of asanas refers to two poles: consciousness and energy. It is not enough just to “push” energy into one place or another, into a chakra or a nadi.
Throughout the practice, it is very important to maintain the state of Witness Consciousness, which, through the alchemy of the asana, leads to the intuition of our True Nature.
Hridaya Hatha Yoga Theory
Hatha Yoga–The Music of Life
The physical body is a complex instrument capable of expressing our existence in the physical world. By our asana practice, we make it vibrate in various ways, the same way we would use a musical instrument. It is important to express this harmony in our daily life as well. This is how we learn to bring grace, awareness, and simplicity to our gestures. Thus Pure Presence, the Heart, is expressed naturally and free of limitations.
Sacredness and Devotion through Hatha Yoga
Asana is a practice of samyama. Turning off of the mind’s filters allows an intimate identification with the body, the energies, the sensations, the breath, and the higher mind.
By sublimating energies (of sensations and emotions in particular) into spanda, we rediscover the sacred and devotional aspects of Hatha Yoga. The asana has a devotional aspect as well, because it opens us up our inner guide, which is exactly this tremor of the Heart. It leads us to who we really are.
The Happiness of Practicing Hridaya Hatha Yoga
As far as the work with energies goes, there is an intimate relation between our being and the universe.
As human beings, we receive, transform, and give off energies. These energy exchanges—refined by our centering in the Heart, by the presence of our spiritual aspiration and openness to the Sacred Tremor of the Heart—result in a profound joy. In Hridaya Yoga, we learn to be aware and amplify this joy.
Still, we are not only the physical body and the body does not belong to us ultimately. We cannot find our ultimate happiness by moving or pushing the energy through the body, nadis, or chakras. We find it though by perceiving our true nature. This deep understanding can be expressed by the physical body when we allow the energies to freely flow through it.
The Witness Consciousness in Hatha Yoga
This type of Hatha Yoga uses the attitude of Witness Consciousness. However, there is a hidden secret in this attitude. The harmony of the asana spontaneously induces an intuition of our True Nature, of the divine Self. And conversely, our own intuitive knowledge of our divine nature, the detachment from the physical body, makes the energy flow more freely, so that the Sacred Tremor of the Heart may awake more easily. Through Hatha Yoga we aspire toward the complete freedom and happiness of the Pure Existence, of the “I am.”
In essence, Hatha Yoga creates a greater fluidity of the energies in our being. If the attitude is correct, in addition to flexibility and relaxation, we will feel more balanced and free.
In general, the energy, prana, can be increased through yoga practice. Pranayama, breath control, is another method of increasing the awareness of our energies.
However, even if the vital energy is very strong, it is also essential to express it with discernment. Therefore, in Hridaya Yoga the practice also aims at a wise usage of this energy. The amplification of the energy is accompanied by an increasing capacity to witness these energies, an Open Attention. It results in increased clarity and the capacity of Centering in the Spiritual Heart. This attitude favors creativity, the ability to get closer to aspects of life that inspire us. The life force contains our beauty and creativity.
The Hatha Yoga session as a whole is seen as a unique dance, as a communion with the life itself, as an expression of a unique impetus for celebration and revelation of our divine nature, of the Spiritual Heart.
Entering and Maintaining the Yoga Pose
1. The body’s sense of limits dissolves through relaxation
In Hridaya Yoga, we consider that if pain appears during the performance of an asana, then yoga disappears. The path beyond the limits of the body does not go through enduring pain.
Any potential strain is naturally followed by a denial, a refusal. But when the posture causes inherent tension, that tension must be accepted, with detachment. We do not deny it, we do not repress it, but we allow the asana to dissipate it by virtue of the harmonious energies to which a particular asana attunes us. It is important to remember not to make a goal out of the appearance of the yoga posture, but to let the body get itself into the final position while the muscles and ligaments relax.
Asanas practiced in this manner catalyze healing and spiritual transformation. They are opportunities to reshape the soul and mind, to release subconscious egotistic tendencies and tensions in an unconditional way, through deconditioning and an attitude of happiness and surrender.
2. During asanas, attention radiates from inside to outside
There are many asanas in which some effort which cannot be avoided. It is still important not to focus on the tensions arising during the performance of the asana or on the difficulties of breathing associated with that effort, but to focus on the background of stillness radiating from the Heart. In this manner, we do not forget about our divine nature, about who we really are.
That is why during the practice of the asanas, our attention radiates outwards, from the Spiritual Heart towards the outside world. It is in this place full of happiness that our tensions gradually dissolve and disappear.
3. Transformation does not follow personal effort
The stillness of the Heart will always “tell us” how far we can go while we bend or stretch during a particular posture. Therefore, progress is not the result of personal effort, but it essentially follows our inherent tendency to go beyond our limits. This natural tendency arises spontaneously from the intuitive knowledge of our true nature.
In this fashion, the “weight” of our focus does not go to our effort, but on the Spiritual Heart and its inherent peace, openness, and happiness.
4. The balance between effort and relaxation
Relaxation and surrender are not synonymous with passivity or inertia. The asana practice is designed to establish a balance between effort and relaxation while we let go of personal egotistic consciousness. The asanas are performed with joy rather than with obsession about the perfect performance or with an aggressive attitude towards our body. Our positive intention and attitude give fluidity and spiritual direction to the energy.
Technical Rigor—A Simple Framework for Expressing the Spiritual Art That Is Hridaya Yoga
By performing various asanas, we glorify the spirit, our divine nature. Therefore, we consider that more important than a student’s flexibility is his or her ability to attune to the essential vibration, to the Sacred Tremor of the Heart, spanda.
That is why the role of the yoga teacher is primarily to awaken love, beauty, confidence, freedom, and creativity in students, instead of focusing on their limitations and mistakes.
While practicing almost any asana, we eventually feel that we have reached our physical limits of flexibility, duration of performance, etc. If we let these limits stop us, if we focus mainly on these limits, we will forget the omnipotence and the infinite quality of our divine nature.
An overly critical attitude causes contraction and fear, and it prevents the student from opening up to the infinite. By emphasizing creativity and freedom, we intend to make a true spiritual art out of the Hridaya Yoga practice.
Technical rigor and the precision of our methods form just the framework through which we allow the free expression of our spiritual inspirations. When it is practiced correctly, the practice of Hridaya Yoga opens us towards life, towards the spirit and, thus, it eliminates our fears, conflicts, and repressions.
Each of us has something unique and valuable to offer. Both during meditation and the asana practice, the most profound dimensions of our being are offered to Spirit, to the Spiritual Heart, to the Infinite.
The Inherent Creativity of the Asana Practice
Hridaya Yoga avoids dry, mechanical practice. In fact, it actually endeavors to wake up students’ qualities and creativity through happiness, love, and the clarity that results from maintaining an inner attitude of Open Attention during the practice of asanas.
The Hatha Yoga session, whether performed individually or in a group, is not rigidly planned. It is more of a heartfelt creative act, a heartfelt endeavor, a true celebration of life.
By opening up towards the subtle phenomena and transformations that may occur, the personality and the consciousness strictly related to the body gradually dissolve, giving way to a transpersonal peace and inspiration.
The Way in Which Our Personality Is Reflected in Hatha Yoga
Our personality reflects itself through countless activities and attitudes. The way we eat, dress, or talk reveals dimensions of our personality. This principle is even more obvious when it comes to the yoga practice.
It is therefore important to understand and to be aware of the way in which we “reflect” ourselves in asanas or in meditation postures.
Our transformation begins with the very attitude we have when we start a posture. On the other hand, if we infuse elegance, harmony, surrender, and refinement into the practice, yoga becomes a way of generating such qualities in our whole life.
The Role of the Physical Body
In Hridaya Yoga, the physical body is seen as a divine instrument designed to enable us to experience the ecstasy of recognizing and glorifying the Infinite One—the bliss of recognizing non-duality, advaita, in the domain of multiplicity, samsara.
The physical body is a majestic manifestation of the spirit, not just a mass of dense matter. And in a similar manner, our thoughts, desires, passions, and emotions are not obstacles in the way of spiritual awakening, to be repressed or eliminated. Rather, they are tools for expanding the individual consciousness and, even, for transcending it.
Our physical body and subtle energies represent divine gifts meant to help us discover the most profound sense of our freedom.
As students of Hridaya Yoga, we aspire with all our soul to develop and refine, in the most profound sense, all aspects of our being: body, mind, intuition, mental clarity, purity of emotions, and all our most profound virtues.
The Ancestral Memory of the Body
Maintaining the awareness of the Spiritual Heart both during meditations and the practice of asanas fills us with pure energy, the energy of “BE-ing,” which manifests itself in our physical body. In this manner, the ongoing spiritual transformations condense in the physical body. Also, during meditation, when an expansion of consciousness occurs, the body is flooded with happiness and “memorizes” that beatific reality deep down in its cells. This true memory, an “ancestral” memory, resides in the whole being, not only in the brain.
A Key for Stabilizing the Mind
The physical body is a sort of stabilizer of our emotions and thoughts. For example, even after a profound meditation, the mind can easily resume its normal agitation and dynamism in only a few minutes. This fact can be discouraging. So, we find ourselves wondering what to do.
Our body is more stable than our thoughts. It is able to hold onto the echoes of the stillness and happiness experienced during meditation for a longer time. Therefore, body consciousness is very important. Also, when we become aware of the body, we become aware of its rhythms of life. And these rhythms are actually the rhythms of the living universe which cradles it. These rhythms are our life’s guidelines.
The Basic Attitudes Regarding the Physical Body
1. The transfiguration of the body
Hatha Yoga creates an openness to the Spiritual Reality in the physical body as well. This spiritual openness can be felt in the physical body and can bring us countless revelations. That is why in Hridaya Yoga we are not focused on changing our physical body. However, transformations of the physical body do occur as effects of becoming free of attachments, of identification with the physical body. To experience this transfiguration of the body we have to let go of the idea of a strictly material, solid, heavy body subject to inertia. We also have to be in state of profound relaxation of our body.
2. The physical body experienced as infinite space
The transfiguration of the body during the asana practice allows the body to be pure, light, and bright. This is not a new idea. There are several simple methods which allow us to experience the dissolution of the boundaries of body consciousness (the feeling that our body has lost the physical boundaries imposed by its shape and substance).
In ancient texts, such as the Vijnana Bhairava Tantra, we find various sutras which mention that the physical body can be experienced as vacuity or as infinite space. The same attitudes, ways of experiencing the dissolution of the physical boundaries, are recommended during our Hatha Yoga sessions. Thus, we can detach even from the memory of the shape of our physical body.
We reach this understanding through a correctly focused mental attitude and deep relaxation. And we become aware during meditation or Hatha Yoga sessions that the materiality and opacity of our body are nothing but the consequences of our strains, stresses and attachments.
3. Emotional tensions and the physical body
When tensions, worries, and stresses become chronic, they will often manifest as illnesses of the physical body.
Countless emotional tensions, conflicts, and mental doubts somatize (express themselves) in our physical body. The intimacy with our own body is limited by our mental conflicts. Therefore, it is a matter of a mental, not physical, attitude. Strong intuition is not needed to read suffering or fear on someone’s face. Inner tensions can generate many problems and diseases, from migraines to gastritis or even ulcer. But even if they have not yet expressed themselves in a chronic way in the physical body, psychological pressures and the constant worries of everyday life have unfortunate consequences on our physical body and on our energetic structures.
4. Detachment from the physical body
The easiest way to eliminate tensions is to sleep. The exceptional virtues of sleep derive mainly from the detachment from the physical body.
Sleep is only a temporary oblivion, an escape into unconsciousness. However, it teaches us some fundamental things—how to detach from the physical body and to become free of our total identification—which are very important for the revelation of the freedom and happiness of our divine nature.
As a general principle, a structure (the physical, mental or psychic body) can be in harmony with the Wholeness or Totality to the extent to which it is set free from identification with a reactive, selfish personal consciousness. The understanding of this principle changes our concept of what Hatha Yoga is and it can radically improve our practice.
5. To be free not “from the body,” but to be free “in the body”
Some ascetic traditions include a tendency to negate the physical body. We consider that this tendency has profound limitations, even if there are reasons underlying it. We do not make a goal out of eliminating the body, but rather of eliminating the restrictive identification with it. In this manner, instead of somatizing the tensions in the physical body, we will somatize the spirit, the light which we bring all the way into the physical body. Thus, while practicing any asana, we get to feel the vibration of love, of happiness, of freedom. In this manner, we “incorporate” divine qualities in the true sense of the word: bringing them into the physical body.
Through the practice of specific yoga postures, we develop a refined capacity to express the human spirit.
6. Nirmana Kaya, or the physical body completely purified
The Mahayana Buddhist tradition introduced a concept that can help us better understand the attitude about the physical body during asanas and meditation. This is nirmana kaya. (Buddhism includes the trikaya doctrine about the three bodies of Buddha which express his nature: the dharma kaya, the sambhoga kaya and the nirmana kaya. These are the causal body, the astral body, and the physical body of an enlightened being.)
Nirmana kaya describes the physical body of a liberated being. The followers of Buddhism strive, through various techniques, to reach the stage of a perfectly purified and alchemized physical body.
If it may be easier to imagine the perfectly pure subtle bodies of an enlightened being, we still might wonder what the pure physical body looks like.
Simply, this is a physical body with no trace of physical or mental tension. It is a physical body free of traumas, fears, prejudices, suffering and inner strain. From this point of view, nirmana kaya (also called the original body) is like the physical body at the moment when we wake up or at the moment we were born in the physical world, like the body of a newborn child.
It comes with a sense of truth, transparency, and clarity, because it does not reject anything. It includes and embraces everything, like white light which contains the whole spectrum of the rainbow.
7. Sama rasa
Another concept that inspires our practice in Hridaya Yoga is sama rasa, meaning “balancing” or “even essence.” This was a very important notion in the tradition of Siddha Yoga. (Flourishing between the 8th and 12th centuries A.D., this tradition was based on the life and teachings of certain perfect beings, the mahasiddha; the aspirations in this tradition included perfection of the physical body and even physical immortality).
In fact, the very endeavor to “cultivate the latent potential of the physical body” caused Hatha Yoga to appear. Therefore, Hatha Yoga was originally created to reveal and express our divine nature.
Sama rasa expresses the process of opening towards the divine energies, at the level of the physical body as well. Sama rasa is the condition where the physical body of a human being expresses divine perfection.
For this reason, in Hridaya Yoga, Hatha Yoga is the harmony between the human plane and the Divine.
The physical body perceived as such during asanas or during meditation postures becomes an increasingly fluid and refined reality, which gradually induces in us an experience of sui generis “dematerialization.”
The energetic fluidity achieved through Hatha Yoga allows us to perceive our body not as, ordinarily, a solid and resistant mass, but instead as a subtle radiating energy. So, the body is no longer just a tool for attaining happiness and freedom, it also becomes freedom and happiness in itself.
8. The return of the energies to their source, by acceptance and openness
The consciousness of our divine nature, of the Spiritual Heart, lovingly melts any tension and sets us free from any contraction even at the physiological level. Through the process of sublimation, emotions, tensions, and all energies in general return to their source: to the original vibration, spanda.
In Hridaya Yoga, the practice of Hatha Yoga is designed to attain this spiritual transparency at all levels of being, including the physical one. The physical body is usually traumatized by our reactions, by the aggressiveness of our psyche. Now, through acceptance and openness, it expresses itself naturally.
9. Kaya sthairyam, the immobility of the body—the first level of boundlessness
Additionally, after gradually starting the asana, the immobility of the body (called kaya sthairyam) represents the bodily expression of the stillness of the mind. During asanas, immobility and stillness free of any contractions combined with open attention and lucidity allow us to open up to the pure “I Am.”
Stillness announces the awareness of the everlasting present moment, of the Now set free from the distractions of the process of becoming. As deep relaxation causes the feeling of immobility to become more profound, the attachment to the physical body grows weaker and weaker, while the awareness of peace and of stillness becomes more obvious.
The attention moves from the body or energies to this stillness and silence. This transpersonal stillness, beyond the mind, is the real source of our power. Our being loses its boundaries through the awareness of Stillness.
10. Continuous awareness
The Hatha Yoga session should be seen as a whole, maintaining the state of Open Attention, of the Present Moment, of the Now. Thus, starting and finishing an asana will no longer mark moments of interrupted awareness.