(Vicāra): Discrimination; reflection; inquiry into the nature of the Self. It is a high cognitive act that accompanies savichara samadhi (samadhi which has as its basis a subtle object of attention). In Buddhism, vichara represents “sustained attention,” and is the second of the Five Jhana Factors (elements that bring success in meditation). In Vedanta and Vedanta-based schools of yoga, the word vichara can also mean existential pondering. The Sanskrit name for the Self-Enquiry method of Ramana Maharshi is atma vichara, indicating that this path implies the discrimination between the Real and the unreal, the Self and the ego. The Laghu Yoga Vasishtha (2:1:69) explains vichara as asking searching questions such as “Who am I?” and “Whence this Universe?.” This kind of inquiry represents a panacea for the “chronic disease of worldliness.”