(Smṛti): Memory, from smri, “to remember.” This term refers to the authoritative traditional Hindu scriptures that are considered “remembered knowledge” (such as the Itihasas and Puranas), as opposed to the “revealed” literature of the Vedas (called shruti). Smriti texts do not have direct authority, but are “derived” from the shruti. Shankaracharya, explains: “The shruti represents a direct perception because, in order to be a real authority, it is necessarily to be independent of any other authority; smriti … derives its authority from another authority than itself.” Therefore, shruti represents direct perception without an intermediary—a revelation, an immediate intuition of sacred knowledge—while smriti is only a “reflection,” reflective knowledge based on a primordial source, the Spiritual Heart.