(Mūḍha): “Dull.” A dull, lethargic state of mind. It is the second of the Five States of Mind described in Vyasa’s Yoga Bhashya, the most authoritative commentary on the Yoga Sutras. The mudha mind is dull, heavy, and forgetful. Dominated by tamas guna (the inert principle), it is a state in which the mind is dim, slow-witted, sleepy, lethargic, and lacking alertness. This state produces laziness in the being, which makes it difficult to be productive. The mudha mind is slightly more settled than the kshipta mind, but as the active disturbances of the first agitated state have settled down the mind may be more easily trained.