The chief disciple of the great yogi Matsyendranath, Gorakshanath lived circa the eleventh century A.D. Along with Matsyendranath, he is considered one of the founders of Hatha Yoga. Among other texts, he is the author of the Goraksha Paddhati, one of the oldest yogic scriptures. One of the eighty-four mahasiddhas, Gorakshanath is also said to have founded the Kanphata (“split-ear”) order of the Nathas, which gets its name from the split earlobes of its adherents.