A Dominican reformer, theologian, scholastic philosopher, and mystic, St. Catherine of Siena (1347-1380) had an active but short life, campaigning to restore the papacy to Rome (from Avignon), advocating the reform of the clergy, and advising people that repentance and renewal could be done through the “total love for God.” She reported a “mystical marriage” with Jesus at age nineteen and, upon her death, left behind hundreds of letters considered to be great Tuscan literature. Her biographer claims that she was told by Christ to leave behind her withdrawn life of piety to enter the public life of the world, which she did, helping the poor and ill until her death by a stroke at the age of thirty-three.